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    保隆科技換道超車占主位

    2019-07-01 03:52:04 汽車觀察2019年3期

    王蘭

    動態視覺傳感器產品能有效過濾背景、提取信息,大大降低后端信號處理復雜度。

    彎道超車千難萬險?不妨換道超車占領主位。

    汽車智能化的發展趨勢全球人都知道。誠然,在發展周期較長的汽車行業里看清發展方向,不難;而要在蜂擁而至的賽道上,最終留下來,很難。“因為汽車智能化相關技術的研發周期長、費用投入大,所以這是一條淘汰率很高、很殘酷的賽道。”上海保隆汽車科技股份有限公司(簡稱“保隆科技”)總裁張祖秋這樣解讀千億元級別以上智能汽車領域的競爭。

    那么,保隆科技如何在智能汽車的滾滾大潮中最終留下來?

    日前,根據自身優勢定位為感知層的保隆科技,在上海松江總部發布了自主研發的新成果:全新汽車動態視覺與雷達傳感器等系列產品。該系列產品包括動態視覺傳感器、77G及24G毫米波雷達、雙目前視系統、紅外熱成像夜視儀、駕駛員預警系統、車用人臉識別系統等,是人工智能在自動駕駛感知層上的融合應用,將有助于汽車從輔助駕駛進化到自動駕駛、自主駕駛。

    定位感知層

    選擇在全球蓬勃發展的汽車智能感知領域切入,保隆科技具有自身優勢。因為定位感知領域對于保隆科技而言屬于業務擴展而非全新業務。

    以氣門嘴業務起家的保隆科技,經過近20年的發展,產品結構不斷豐富,逐步進入諸如汽車排氣管件、平衡塊等汽車零部件市場,均取得了優異的市場成績。其中氣門嘴及排氣管件已位居世界第一,是公司營收主要來源;汽車電子(傳感器、360環視系統、TPMS等)和汽車結構件是公司未來發展方向,將成為其營收和利潤重要增長點。尤為值得一提的是,保隆科技是TPMS國家標準的起草單位之一,其自制胎壓監測系統(TPMS)產品已在國內OEM市場位居第一。了解過去方能更準確地預判未來,從保隆科技的發展歷程來看,此次進入感知層業務領域占據市場龍頭地位的概率較大。

    張祖秋表示,對于保隆科技來說,TPMS產品是他們真正涉足汽車電子領域的開始。他說:“首先,通過TPMS產品我們建立了涉及機、電、軟的一套體系。汽車電子產品在研發、制造、質量要求、成本控制甚至競爭對手量級等方面,均與機械產品不同,通過TPMS建立了一套汽車電子新體系。其次,通過TPMS產品我們積累了上下游行業資源。電子行業跟上游關鍵元器件、芯片供應商的戰略關系非常密切,該關系既影響成本結構也影響研發速度。通過TPMS,我們和上游很多供應鏈建立了戰略合作關系,為進入智能感知領域鋪路,并進入更高競爭等級。在入門產品上做到行業領先,不僅提升了合作伙伴對保隆科技的信心,也練就了我們把握電子產業特點、客戶需求的能力,這一點尤為重要。”

    “當保隆科技將自己定位汽車感知層的時候,很自然地發現,除了感知車本身之外,還要感知外部環境。而要滿足感知環境需求,就需要動態視覺、毫米波雷達產品,我們認為這是未來技術發展方向中不可缺的兩個部分,所以我們將自己定位在感知層。”張祖秋進一步解釋說。

    TPMS是向車內感知,而動態視覺與雷達傳感器系列產品則是向車外感知,因此,保隆科技此次新品發布屬于縱向延伸,而非橫向拓展,大大降低了技術壁壘。

    另辟蹊徑

    面對外資品牌在智能駕駛傳感器領域的先入為主,自主零部件企業將如何突圍?

    保隆科技選擇了開辟新賽道。

    “在毫米波雷達領域,外資品牌領先優勢明顯。而在動態視覺領域是更新、更前瞻的應用領域,已不屬于原來的賽道,屬于新的競爭格局。在新賽道上,自主品牌做起來的可能性大得多。”張祖秋認為企業推出新產品能否成功,與切入市場的時機關系重大,“當某產品在全球已經進入產業的成熟期或者衰退期時,再想切入該市場,企業戰略節奏肯定不對。比如TPMS,目前已進入成熟發展階段,此時再切入該市場,做好的概率很低。而當某產品在全球處于導入期或者成長期時,切入該市場,做好的機會就大得多。比如動態視覺、毫米波雷達現在還處于導入期或者成長期,此時切入該市場就有了時間窗口,做好的概率要高得多。”

    據介紹,動態視覺產品主要滿足未來L4級以上的汽車應用場景,目前還屬于試裝階段。鄭州宇通智能網聯研究院副院長彭能嶺表示,宇通將與保隆科技共同合作進行樣車試裝測試。

    正如保隆科技董事長陳洪凌介紹的那樣:公司精準把握汽車智能化發展脈搏,確立了在智能和控制領域發力的汽車智能化戰略,汽車電子單元總監李威帶領團隊致力于做汽車的“眼睛”和“耳朵”。團隊集成芯侖科技的芯片技術和武漢大學的算法技術,研發的動態視覺傳感器產品像素高(可達100萬)、反應速度極快,能夠有效過濾背景、提取信息,大大降低后端信號處理復雜度,能用少算力在感知層完成目標識別算法。它能夠在大霧、強光、弱光等環境條件下快速清晰地顯示圖像并捕捉物體運動軌跡,是國際領先的視覺系統產品。公司研發的77G及24G毫米波雷達在惡劣天氣的穿透力強、體積小、測量精度高,能夠實現汽車的盲點檢測、車后橫越交通警示、前車防撞等功能,幫助汽車安全、平穩運行。此兩項技術為汽車未來實現的無人駕駛提供技術支撐。

    據了解,芯侖科技開發的動態視覺傳感器芯片采用事件驅動原理,顛覆傳統圖像感知方式,圖像處理的底層算法在感光芯片上就能實現,能夠為圖像處理直接提供去除冗余信息后的有用信號,從而大大降低后端信號處理的復雜度,幫助人工智能更快、更準、更省力地感知外部世界。武漢大學自主設計的基于深度學習的目標檢測算法、場景超分辨率算法以及目標跟蹤算法在提升目標識別、抗干擾、持續穩定的跟蹤方面有突出表現,和保隆科技傳感器結合,實現智能感知。

    同時,保隆科技本次發布的一系列汽車動態視覺與雷達傳感器在復雜的行車環境中能夠實現汽車內部控制調整與外部感知預判,為實現更高級別輔助駕駛乃至無人駕駛提供技術支撐。除此以外,產品體積小、精度高、標注快速準確,契合市場對下一代汽車智能化升級的發展需求。

    總之,在汽車智能感知領域,國內整車企業正在不斷實現顛覆性技術創新,而保隆科技有望在感知層傳感器方面突破國外技術壟斷,為中國汽車安全、智能、舒適發展開辟嶄新道路。

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